About the nut research orchard

An almond research orchard is being established in Irymple at Agriculture Victoria's Mid Area property approximately 7 km from the Agriculture Victoria Mildura office. The aim is to establish a significant resource for detailed replicated experiments and best practice demonstrations for almond growers. In addition, glasshouse-based experiments have been established at the Agriculture Victoria Mildura site to quantify the effect of scion/rootstock combinations on nutrient presence in leaves and storage organs in pot-grown nut trees (almond, walnut, pistachio, hazelnut). The glasshouse experiments will inform treatments for the field based nutrient experiment.


1. About the orchard

2. Orchard Layout

About the orchard

  • 20 Ha research orchard
  • Typical Mallee dune-swale land system
Dr Michael Treeby, Agriculture Victoria, Irymple.

Video: Dr Michael Treeby discusses the layout of the research orchard.

Orchard layout

Horizon 1, 2 and 3 Horizon analysis developed by the ABA provides additional insight into the industry’s longer term thinking and a guide for R&D and extension planning:

Horizon 1 – improving the current production system that dominates existing plantings. Current system based on Californian varieties and technologies

Horizon 2 – development of a production system based on twice the density of trees down a row that offers higher returns earlier in an orchard’s life

Horizon 3 – development of a production system best suited to Australian growing conditions that improves yields and input efficiency whilst reducing risks.

Three horizon investment planning requires a longterm holistic approach rather than simply addressing problems as they emerge in current orchards. The three horizon approach has been considered in developing the almond SIP 2017-2021 and has at its core an Australian Government ‘Rural Research for Profit’ project jointly funded by the Australian Government, an industry CIF and the Victorian and South Australian Governments.

Google Earth: Orchard Location

Google Maps

Irymple Research Station

This project (RnD4Profit-15-02-011 ‘Advanced production systems for temperate nut crops’) is supported by Horticulture Innovation Australia Limited, through funding from the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources as part of its Rural R&D for Profit programme and Agriculture Victoria (Victorian Government), the South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI), the Almond Board of Australia (ABA), and New South Wales Department of Primary Industries.